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Sustainable Practices for Urban Farming in the UAE

August 11, 2023

Amidst the hustle and bustle of city life in the United Arab Emirates, an innovative green movement is gaining momentum, and it might be something you’ve never considered before — sustainable urban farming.

By turning your balconies, rooftops, or indoor containers into mini gardens, you could partake in this practice that reduces greenhouse gas emissions associated with food transport and provides a new, local source of produce.

Adopting Sustainable Urban farming in the UAE

The first step towards sustainable living is acknowledging the need for a personal and communal shift. An innovative idea taking root in the UAE is sustainable city farming. The concept is familiar but has been refined and adapted to suit the country’s unique climate and urban environment. Sustainable farming is a revolutionary practice that encourages city dwellers to cultivate their fruits, vegetables, and herbs, thereby reducing their ecological footprint and fostering a culture of sustainability.

Understanding Sustainable Urban Farming

This method involves using eco-friendly techniques that conserve water, improve soil health, and promote biodiversity. By optimizing small spaces like balconies, rooftops, or even indoor containers for plant growth, we can replace the conventional supply chains of food production with localized, healthier alternatives. This practice reduces greenhouse gas emissions associated with food transport, provides a sustainable source of fresh produce, and enhances urban biodiversity.

The ‘Discover Your Urban Farm’ Initiative

As part of its sustainable community engagement program, Sharjah Sustainable City has launched an innovative initiative called ‘Discover Your Urban Farm.’ The initiative aims to introduce residents to urban farming, enabling them to cultivate their plants or vegetables in ‘Agri Pods.’

The community’s residents are invited to participate in planting and harvesting activities in the community garden pockets. The initiative also offers workshops on composting using organic waste and growing various plants and vegetables suitable for Sharjah’s climate. This initiative aims to reduce the city’s carbon footprint while increasing awareness of the food-energy-water nexus and waste management. It also promotes health and well-being, an essential aspect of sustainable living.

Implementing Water-Efficient Methods

Given the region’s arid climate, water is a precious resource in the UAE. Emphasizing water-efficient practices is essential to make urban farming sustainable. Techniques like drip irrigation, which directly provides water to the root zone of plants, and mulches, which reduce water evaporation from the soil, are widely practiced in sustainable urban farming. Additionally, choosing native or drought-resistant plant species can drastically decrease the amount of water needed for your urban garden.

5 Sustainable Urban Farming Practices

To truly embrace sustainable city farming, there are practical steps that every resident in the UAE can take. Here are some practical strategies you can do in the comfort of your home or backyard:

1. Start Small

For those new to farming, the process can seem intimidating. However, it doesn’t have to be. Start with a small selection of easy-to-grow plants. Herbs like mint, basil, and parsley are great options because they are hardy, grow well in pots, and are helpful in many dishes. Similarly, salad greens such as lettuce and spinach are excellent choices. They can be grown in shallow containers and harvested leaf by leaf over an extended period.

2. Water Wisely

In a region as arid as the UAE, water conservation is crucial. Traditional farming methods can consume substantial amounts of water, which could be more practical and sustainable. Consider using a drip irrigation system, which directly targets the roots of the plants, reducing water waste significantly. Alternatively, self-watering planters are a great option. These have a reservoir at the bottom that the plants can draw water from, preventing overwatering and water wastage.

3. Composting

Composting is a fantastic way to reduce kitchen waste while creating nutrient-rich soil for your plants. Instead of throwing away your vegetable peelings, coffee grounds, and eggshells, collect them in a compost bin. Over time, these will break down into a rich, dark soil amendment that will provide essential nutrients for your plants. Composting reduces the amount of waste sent to landfills and decreases the need for chemical fertilizers, contributing to a healthier environment.

4. Learn Hydroponics

Hydroponics is a method of growing plants without soil, usually in water fortified with mineral nutrients. This technique can be particularly effective in the UAE, where the sandy soil could be better for most types of plants. Hydroponic systems use significantly less water than traditional soil-based farming, making them a more sustainable choice. Hydroponic systems can be set up indoors, making farming possible year-round despite the UAE’s intense summer heat.

5. Share and Learn

Joining a local farming community or online forum is a great way to learn from more experienced gardeners. These communities often organize seed exchanges, where you can try growing different types of plants for free. They also offer a wealth of advice and support, helping you troubleshoot problems. These communities’ collective knowledge and experience can be invaluable for novice and experienced gardeners.


Setting up your urban garden is relatively easy. Begin with easy-to-grow plants like mint or basil, explore water-saving irrigation techniques, and get involved in your local farming community. Embrace the future of urban living in the UAE by taking your first step towards sustainable farming today to align to the Sustainable Development Goals of the United Arab Emirates. Explore the first community of Sustainable Villas in Sharjah and embrace the peace and tranquility of Sustainable Living.